Definition and types of Disclosure

Disclosure Definition

From a student perspective, disclosure is defined as the moment in which a student communicates that they are Deaf, Hard of Hearing or DeafBlind or have a disability. This may occur informally to professors and peers or it may be more of a formal communication to the university as an official request to access accommodations (De Cesarei, 2015).

From an employment perspective, disclosure is defined as “the process of an employee informing their employer of a disability/impairment” (Brunner, 2007, 8)

Types of Disclosure:

There are 3 types of disclosure and many people may use each type in different situations:

  1. Selective – choosing to disclose to a restricted number of people, while retaining some level of secrecy. (e.g. telling the instructor of a course)
  2. Indiscriminate – making no active effort to conceal. (e.g. bringing a sign language interpreter into the classroom)
  3. Broadcasting – seeking out opportunities to disclose in order to educate people (Irvine, 2011). (e.g. discussing that being Deaf is a cultural minority as opposed to a disability during a classroom discussion)